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  • Demetris Efstathiou

What to visit in Luxembourg city

Updated: Jun 2, 2023

Luxembourg is a small European country, surrounded by Belgium, France and Germany.

Luxembourg’s capital (Luxembourg City) is apparently a home to an impressive UNESCO World Heritage Site. It’s mostly rural, with dense Ardennes forest and nature parks in the north, rocky gorges of the Mullerthal region in the east and the Moselle river valley in the southeast. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is famed for its fortified medieval old town perched on sheer cliffs. Did you know that, according to a worldwide survey of 231 cities Luxembourg ranked in the first place for personal safety, while it was ranked 18th for quality of living?

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What not to miss?

Église Saint-Alphonse

Located in the heart of Luxembourg center on the Rue de Capucin street, next to the Theater Square in Luxembourg City. Église Saint-Alphonse is a catholic church built in the early second half of the nineteenth. Characterized by its neo-Romanesque style and some neo-Gothic features, the church is a historical edifice worth visiting, especially to feel the calm atmosphere that prevails in the place and enjoy the effects of the gentle lights created by the daylight coming through the stained-glass windows.

The Old City of Luxembourg

The Old City of Luxembourg is situated at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse Rivers on a very steep rocky outcrop that serves as a natural fortification, with only the west side finished. Because of its exceptional strategic location, the City of Luxembourg was one of the largest fortresses of modern Europe, continually strengthened and reinforced as it passed into the hands of the great European powers one after the other. The metropolis is now a significant historical ensemble. It is a prime illustration of a fortified European city and the location of a remarkable array of military artifacts that span a significant amount of Western history.

Casemates du Bock

The Casemates du Bock, one of the most impressive UNESCO World Heritage in Luxembourg City, is a subterranean defence system made up of kilometres of tunnels. Is one of the most famous sites in Luxembourg. There underground galleries were initially carved in the 17th century, under Spanish rule, and subsequently twice extended. Visiting the archaeological crypt, the antechamber to the casemates, is a similarly remarkable experience. On account of these impressive fortifications, Luxembourg was even given the epithet of the “Gibraltar of the North”. Discover the tumultuous history of the casemates and take in wonderful views of the Grund, Clausen and Pfaffenthal districts.

Skateparks of Luxembourg

Although Luxembourg is smaller than Rhode Island, Luxembourg City includes some indoor and outdoor skateparks. The biggest outdoor skatepark in the city is Skatepark Péitruss. Located at Rue Saint-Quirin Street. Skatepark Péitruss can offer skateboard lovers an enjoyable time. On the other hand, if you're not a fan of nature and prefer to stay indoors, you can also visit Skatepark Hollerich at Rue de l'Abattoir street.

You can always visit Skatepark Gasperich and Skatepark Dommeldange.

Neumünster Abbey

Historically, Neumünster Abbey consisted of a church and four wings enclosing an inner courtyard in the 15th century. Not long after, it was destroyed in 1542 during the French and Spanish War. At the end of the 18th century, after the French Revolution, authorities expropriated the Church of Saint John, and the abbey was altered so as to house a military hospital, which functioned until 1867. Neumünster was used as a prison for male inmates after the State took over the premises until 1980.From 2004 until now, Neumünster Abbey has hosted concerts, performances, seminars, exhibitions,events, catering, and meetings. The center also hosts the European Institute of Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe, the Pierre Werner Cultural Institute.

What else to visit?

National musem of history and art

The National Museum of History and Art houses some unexpected gems, such as a 240 AD mosaic from the Roman villa at Vichten, or exquisite Art Deco items from the porcelain manufacturer Villeroy & Boch, or a medal collection. The 6200m2 museum, located in the heart of the UNESCO-listed Old Town, between the Grand Ducal Palace and the Bock casemates, brings Luxembourg's past to life through a number of themed tours. The museum's archaeological exhibits, for example, can be viewed in rooms carved into the rock face. Works by world-renowned photographer Edward Steichen can be found in the modern art rooms. The permanent exhibitions are open to the public.

Cathedrale Notre-Dame

Notre-Dame Cathedral is the first and only cathedral in Luxembourg. The Roman Catholic Cathedral of Luxembourg City is situated in the southern part. It was originally a Jesuit church, and its cornerstone was laid in 1613. The church is a bright example of late Gothic architecture with some Renaissance elements and adornments. At the end of the 18th century, the church received the miraculous image of Maria Consolatrix Afflictorum, the patron saint of both the city and the nation. 50 years later, the church was consecrated as the Church of Our Lady, and in 1870, it was elevated by Pope Pius IX to the Cathedral of Notre-Dame. From 1935 to 1938, the cathedral was expanded and enlarged.

Adolphe Bridge

Did you know that there are 1,271 bridges in Luxembourg? Adolfe Bridge, known also as the Ponted Bridge, dedicated to Grand Duke Adolphe, is a double-decked arch bridge in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. The bridge provides a one-way route for road traffic across the Pétrusse, from Boulevard Royal, in Ville Haute, to Avenue de la Liberté, in Gare. Its upper deck is 153 meters in length and carries two lanes of road traffic and two pedestrian footpaths. Its lower deck, opened in 2018, is suspended beneath the upper deck, is 154 meters long, and carries a dedicated bidirectional bicycle path with access provided for pedestrian use. And almost two hundred workers were employed on site, back in the 20th century.

St. Peter and Paul Church

The Church of the Saints Peter and Paul is the first Russian Orthodox Church in Luxembourg. It is under the jurisdiction of the Western European Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. With its Merovingian, Roman, and Gothic elements, the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, built on the foundations of an ancient Roman fortress, is definitely worth a visit. Made of brown bricks, it is the tallest building in the country and famous for its ancient altar made of beautiful red stones. An interesting fact is that there is a Roman fountain inside the church.

Grand Ducal Palace

The grand ducal palace, located in the center of the old town, is the official residence of the grand ducal family. The current palace location was once home to Luxembourg City's first town hall, which dates back to 1418. After being devastated by a gunpowder explosion in 1554, the town hall was rebuilt 20 years later. The stone railing was replaced in 1741 by a wrought-iron balustrade that still stands today. The town hall was enlarged on the right side by a baroque building named "Salle de la Balance" in the mid-18th century. The Chamber of Deputies was constructed on the right side of the building in 1890. The main building has functioned as the Grand Ducal Palace since 1890. The house was extensively renovated between 1992 and 1995.

How to travel there?

Luxembourg City is the ideal location to visit if you're seeking a picturesque and historic location in Luxembourg; surrounded by Belgium, France and Germany. it has a wealth of cultural history and a variety of activities to satisfy all interests. Everyone will find something to enjoy in this charming city, from seeing historic castles to enjoying regional wines in picturesque vineyards. Luxembourg City will surely win your heart and leave you with priceless memories, whether you're a history enthusiast, a foodie, or just looking for a quiet break. So, let’s prepare to explore Luxembourg's many beauties; you won't be disappointed!

Luxembourg City is a popular tourist destination in Luxembourg and is easily accessible by various modes of transportation. Here are some options for traveling to Luxembourg City:

By Air

The nearest airport to Luxembourg City is Luxembourg International Airport,

and is situated only 6 km from the city center.

By Train

Luxembourg City is well-connected by other international rail train links such as Paris, Strasbourg, Metz (France), Trier, Cologne, Koblenz (Germany), Brussels, Liège (Belgium), and Basel (Switzerland).

By Car

Luxembourg City is approximately 60 kilometers from Metz (France), 370 kilometers from Paris (France), 222 kilometers from Strasbourg (France), 48 kilometers from Trier (Germany), 100 kilometers from Saarbrücken (Germany), 197 kilometers from Cologne (Germany), 275 kilometers from Frankfurt (Germany), 168 kilometers from Liège (Belgium), 225 kilometers from Brussels (Belgium), and 254 kilometers from Antwerp (Belgium).

Since the city is small, you can go around by foot. Luxembourg and Luxembourg City are the world's first countries to offer free, nationwide public transport buses and trains. Taxi operators in Luxembourg can charge their own tariffs.

When to travel there?

Depending on your interests and preferences, no ideal time to visit Luxembourg City exists.


With temperatures approaching freezing and short days, January, February, and March are the least crowded months to visit if you want to avoid crowds and spend time indoors at museums. Furthermore, hotels typically have lower rates during this time of year.


The temperatures begin to rise in April and May, making outdoor activities such as hiking and kayaking feasible. Because there are likely to be few other visitors, this can be a pleasant opportunity to enjoy the improving weather.


June, July, and August are mild and sunny months, with long hours of sunlight, warm temperatures, and a plethora of outdoor concerts and festivals attracting tourists from Europe and beyond. Crowding and higher costs may result from the increased population.


In Luxembourg, the wine-harvest season lasts from September to October. This is a pleasant time to come, with pleasant temperatures, fewer crowds, and plenty of outdoor activities in the countryside celebrating the grape harvest.


The nation prepares for the holiday season in November and December. Temperatures begin to decline, and snow begins to fall in the mountains. Skating rinks and festive Christmas markets selling handcrafted gifts, local foods, and mulled wine are available. Although there is little sunlight at this time of year, museums and galleries are mostly vacant.

Average costs

Based on your preferred method of travel, your tastes, and the time of year you go, the cost of visiting Luxembourg City can change. As you prepare for your vacation, consider the following typical costs:


The average cost of a mid-range hotel in Luxembourg City is around 80–110 EUR per night, while budget accommodations such as hostels and guesthouses can be found for around 40–60 EUR per night.

Food and drinks

Luxembourg City's food and drink costs are generally higher than those of other major European cities. A meal at an inexpensive restaurant can cost around 18–20 EUR, while a three-course meal for two people at a mid-range restaurant can cost around 65–75 EUR. Local wines and beers are affordable, with a glass of wine or beer costing around 5–6 EUR.


Public transportation is free, while the starting price of a taxi is 3.25 EUR and each kilometer is 3 EUR.

Attractions and activities

Entrance fees for most attractions in Luxembourg City are affordable, with the cost of a castle tour or museum visit ranging from 6–10 EUR per person.

The daily average cost of visiting Luxembourg City might range from 120 to 160 EUR per person, depending on your travel choices and style.

Where to eat?

There are numerous possibilities to delight your palate in Luxembourg City, a city with a strong culinary history. Here are some restaurants in Luxembourg City that provide both foreign and traditional Luxembourg cuisine:


Clairefontaine is a Michelin Awarded French, European cuisine restaurant situated near Cathedrale Notre-Dame. Although the average price of a meal is 55 EUR to 100 EUR clairefontaine restauran will not let you down.

Le Sud

Another French restaurant situated near Casemates du Bock with a large menu.

Brasserie Guillaume

A delightful seafood restaurant Situated only 2-min walk from the Grand Ducal Palace and if you are lucky enough you will not miss Brasserie Guillaume exclusive events, that include their exclusive carpaccio and lobster only for 35 EUR and seasonal specialities such as mussels, oysters, strawberries, asparagus.

Bosso Luxembourg

Bosso Luxembourg is a traditional family business restaurant located in the beautiful and historic Grund district of Luxembourg City, Bosso Luxembourg provides you with a welcoming atmosphere and a wide variety of delicious dishes.


Located in the historic heart of the City of Luxembourg, the Annexe and its team, under the direction of Kim Mathekowitsch, would like to surprise you with fine Mediterranean cuisine, influenced by international flavors.

These are just a few options to try in Luxembourg City. There are many other restaurants, cafés, and wine bars to explore, so be sure to ask locals for recommendations and explore the city's culinary scene.


Luxemburg and Luxemburg City is the site of numerous festivals and cultural events throughout the year.

Carnival (February):

With parades, food, and music taking over the streets, the carnival season is a mash-up of Latin American inspirations and costumes.

Buergbrennen (February or March):

On the first Sunday of Lent, huge bonfires are lit across the nation in an effort to drive away evil entities and usher in spring.

Emaischen (Easter):

On Easter Monday, locals purchase peckvillercher (small, clay, whistling birds) and enjoy folk dancing and street festivities.

Museum Days (May):

Over 40 museums in Luxembourg open their doors for free for two days to honor the country's culture, history, and art.

Fête de la Musique (June 21):

This day-long event, one of Luxembourg's largest, involves numerous venues throughout the city and music ranging from pop to folk to jazz and everything in between.

National Day (June 22):

This event, which originally commemorated the Grand Duke's birthday, starts with the traditional changing of the guard, followed by fireworks and celebrations throughout the city. Street food and dancing are served at impromptu concerts and gatherings.

Medieval Festival (June and July):

Musicians, blacksmiths, acrobats, knights, and merchants transport visitors back to medieval times in a series of festivals held across the nation in June and July..

Grevenmacher Wine and Grape Festival (September):

A three-day weekend on the German border honoring the many grape growers and wine producers throughout the nation. Throughout the day, there are tastings and competitions, with concerts and fireworks in the nights.

Schwebsange Wine Festival (September):

Another wine-themed weekend in the Moselle Valley, this time with a wine fountain, traditional local dishes, and live music, as well as family-friendly games and horse-drawn carriage excursions.

Riesling Open (September):

Four small villages band together to honor local winemakers with tastings, a pageant, an orchestra, and live music acts.

Haupeschfest (November):

A two-day festival in the small town of Berdorf featuring over 100 local artisans selling handmade arts and crafts. There will be few visitors because this is a genuine local celebration.

Christmas markets (November and December):

During the month of December, three main Christmas markets are held in Luxembourg City: Place de Paris, Place d'Armes, and Place de la Constitution. There will be numerous light displays, ice skating, food and artisan vendors, and Ferris wheels.

We've reached the end of the article about Luxembourg. This city has an incredible atmosphere, and we believe you will love it as much as we did! In the meantime, you can read other articles on our blog. How about planning a trip to Galway or Dublin? Remember to follow us@thewalkingparrot to be continuously updated on the new releases. We will be back soon with a new article!

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